United States: Climate change is regarded as a very big threat, across the world. The link between the change in temperature and natural disasters and the developing risk of fungal disease is also well-known.

Recently, the experts have reviewed the increase in thermotolerance of fungi to become more fit and virulent. According to certain reports, the climate change – increase in temperature – has been assisting the fungal pathogens and infections to emerge successfully and more adaptively.

Visual Representation for heat wave in the US | Credits: Axios

Organisms can attain help to adapt to previously unsuitable environments. This will lead to the spread of the infection into new areas. The experts have further mentioned that natural disasters are also triggered due to changes in climate, which are also responsible for the rapid spread of fungal diseases/ infections.

It is to be noted that the authorities have mentioned that the most affected population is the vulnerable communities.

The effects of climate change on fungal pathogens and diseases, made worse by natural disasters – is a serious global problem. This issue affects not only developing or under-developed countries but also developed countries. Infectious diseases – including fungal infections worsened by climate change and natural disasters, are among the biggest challenges for health systems worldwide.

Visual Representation showing aftermath of a natural disease | Credits: AFP

Therefore, addressing climate change requires a global effort to reduce its harmful effects and improve understanding of the links between climate change, natural disasters, and fungal diseases.

The following aspects were explored while highlighting the role of global warming in exploring the area. The following aspects were examined by the health experts:

  • How does global warming affect dimorphic fungi and their invasive forms
  • Resistance of Fungal infections to increase in temperature – a possible cause of global warming
  • The relationship between fungal infection, global warming, and bird migration
  • Thermal adaption in fungi and its genetics and epigenetics
  • The link between thermally adapted human fungal pathogens as well as a host

In addition to this, the special focus was on avoiding fungal infection. The experts have mentioned some measures, which are as follows:

– Addressing climate change should be a global effort. Countries must work together to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit the increase in temperature.

– Areas affected by flooding or other disasters should be cleaned up quickly and effectively to prevent the spread of fungal infections.

– More investments are needed in research, innovation, improved surveillance, and public awareness.

– Health infrastructure should be strengthened, including better access to antifungal medicines and healthcare services, along with training for health professionals, especially in poorer regions.

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